Electoral laws of parliaments of the member states of the European Communities

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StatementDirectorate General for Research and Documentation.
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Pagination90 p. ;
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Open LibraryOL3908300M
LC Control Number81471235

The first direct elections to the European Parliament are imminent. They will take place in a~cordance with the electoral law independently adopted by each Member State Electoral laws of parliaments of the member states of the European Communities book the European It is at present too early to predict whether with nine dl f f'onmt (J)(H.:toral laws, tl1u path to.

The European Parliament did not always enjoy the powers and democratic legitimacy it does now. This is clear from a quick glance at how Parliament has evolved. Starting life as an Assembly – a name reminiscent of institutions linked to international diplomacy – with members simply appointed by national parliaments of Member States, it grew into an institution, the European Parliament.

The European Commission for Democracy through Law, or Venice Commission, is the Council of Europe's advisory body on constitutional matters. It gives legal opinions on the development and operation of democratic institutions and constitutional Venice Commission's work is aimed at upholding the three underlying principles of Europe's constitutional heritage: democracy, human rights.

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Members of the European Parliament are elected for a term of 5 years The European Parliament shall draw up a proposal for a uniform electoral procedure to serve as a basis for deliberations by the Council with a view to the adoption of this proposal by the Member States.

The Belgian electoral law of has been superseded by a new text laying. down provisions for elections to the European Parliament. The new electoral law was adopted by the Chamber of Representatives on 2 February and by the Senate on 11 Februaryand came into force on.

The European Parliament endorsed new measures to modernise the European electoral law last Wednesday. The purpose of the updated electoral law is to boost EU citizens’ participation in the European elections and enhance the European character of the procedure.

The new measures were endorsed by votes to against, with 62 abstentions. The procedures for electing the European Parliament are governed both by European legislation defining rules common to all Member States and by specific national provisions, which vary from one state.

A uniform electoral law will be symbolically important. The Lisbon Treaty makes it possible to have a common electoral law, under article (1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), but only if there was unanimity among the Member States and with the consent of the European Parliament and only if the law was.

1 This is the first phrase of the introduction by Schelto Patijn of the document: European Parliament, 'Elections to the European Parliament by direct universalsuffrage.

Report, resolutions and debates of the European Parliament', DG for Research and Documentation, Julyp. 2 The idea in itself was not new.

We find proposals of that. Get this from a library. Electoral laws of parliaments of the member states of the European Communities. [European Parliament. Directorate General for Research and Documentation.]. The United States Electoral College is an example of a system in which an executive president is indirectly elected, with electors representing the 50 states and the federal votes of the public determine electors, who formally choose the president through the electoral college.

Each state has a number of electors equal to its Congressional representation (in both houses), with the. Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (CSES). CSES is a collaborative programme of cross-national electoral research conducted in 54 states over four modules; The project is coordinated by the Center for Political Studies and GESIS.

CSES is composed of three parts: "First, a common module of public opinion survey questions is included in each participant country's post-election study. an act to provide for the registration of electors and the conduct of elections to dÁil Éireann and to amend and extend the presidential elections acts, tothe european assembly elections acts, tothe referendum acts, tothe seanad electoral (university members) acts, tothe seanad electoral (panel members) acts, tothe local elections.

the European Parliament and the European Commission2, – having regard to Council Directive 93//EC of 6 December laying down detailed arrangements for the exercise of the right to vote and stand as a candidate in elections to the European Parliament for citizens of the Union residing in a Member State of which they are not nationals3.

When in September the Member States of the European Communities agreed on the arrangements for the first direct elections to the European Parliament, duly held inthey also reaffirmed that the Parliament itself should draw up a proposal for a uniform procedure for future direct elections.

At the European University Institute, Florence, a team of professors and research students. The amendments to the Electoral Act include new provisions on 'double voting', voting in third countries, different voting methods, and the visibility of European political parties in the member states.

An obligatory threshold of 2% to 5% is set for constituencies, including single-constituency member states, with more than 35 seats. Under the treaties, EU institutions can adopt legislation, which the member countries then implement.

The complete texts of treaties, legislation, case law and legislative proposals can be viewed using the EUR-Lex database of EU law. Sorted chronologically from latest to oldest, the main treaties are. COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Brussels, COM() final Article 13 of the Directive stipulates that the Commission is to submit to the European Parliament and the Council a report on the application of the Directive, including any The Directive does not aim to harmonise the electoral laws of the Member States, but.

The European Union (EU) consists of 27 member states. Each member state is party to the founding treaties of the union and thereby shares in the privileges and obligations of membership. Unlike members of other international organisations, the member states of the EU have agreed by treaty to shared sovereignty through the institutions of the European Union in some (but by no means all).

The Treaty of Paris, which established the European Coal and Steel Community, did not exclude the direct election of members of the Common Assembly, but gave Member States the choice of whether to designate representatives from their own national parliament or. The historical traditions and present practice of the Member States in matters parliamentary and electoral provide an inescapable ambiance for the European Parliament.

In Chapter 2, a study is off­ ered of the characteristics of major voting systems and, more par­ ticularly, of the national voting systems of the Nine. (At first, indeed.

Details Electoral laws of parliaments of the member states of the European Communities FB2

parliaments of the six Member States; with few exceptions, the Assembly has merely advis ory functions. EEC-Treaty: Arts. extend the advisory functions of the Assembly to matters. This act legislated for the accession of the United Kingdom to the European Communities which later became the European Union and also gave legal effect to European Union Law (then Community law) which came into effect on 1 Januarythe day the UK officially joined.

Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) are elected by the population of the member states of the European Union (EU). The European Electoral Act allows member states the choice to allocate electoral subdivisions or constituencies (French: Circonscriptions électorales, German: Wahlkreise, Italian: Circoscrizioni elettorali, Swedish: Valkretsar) for the European Parliament.

The Council (at ambassadors' level) reached agreement on new measures to update EU electoral law. On 7 June it approved a draft decision amending the Electoral Act which lays down a number of common rules concerning elections to the European Parliament.

This is a list of European Union member states, their forms of government and their European Union (EU) is a sui generis supranational union of democratic a European Council Summit held in Copenhagen, Denmark, on 21 June and 22 Junethe European Union defined the Copenhagen criteria regarding the conditions a candidate country has to fulfill to be considered.

Member States (with the exception of the UK, where certain Commonwealth citizens are also allowed to stand for election to the European Parliament), conditions vary from one country to another.

Minimum age The minimum age for standing for election is 18 in most Member States, the exceptions being. Electoral law is the legal instrument used to develop the majority of electoral topics that are relevant for a nation (especially in the case of those nations following the so-called civil law tradition).

Electoral laws are enacted by ordinary legislators (legislative branches of government, chambers, congresses, assemblies, parliaments) in.

It has been argued by some that the European Parliamentary Elections Act (‘EPEA’) may present a particular obstacle to the use of the prerogative for the purpose of initiating the Article 50 process by which the UK will exit the EU. The argument concerning the EPEA essentially takes the form of a riposte to.

Most of the member states of the European Union elect their MEPs with a single constituency covering the entire state, using party-list proportional representation.

Despite Parliament’s increased role, the current electoral rules remain only partly harmonised, to the extent that there is no uniform electoral process for all Member States.

Description Electoral laws of parliaments of the member states of the European Communities EPUB

The current situation is that certain fundamental principles are enshrined in the Electoral Act, but many aspects are regulated by national law.Quotas An increasing number of countries are currently introducing various types of gender quotas for public elections: In fact, half of the countries of the world today use some type of electoral quota for their parliament.

This website reveals that the use of electoral gender quotas is much more widespread than is commonly held. Given the slow speed by which the number of.In book: Elections to the European Parliament as a challenge for democracy (pp) and also because they had the same right in their member State of origin.

“The Political.